Migrating WordPress Multisite to a Local Development Environment
This post is primarily a reminder to my future self. However, I don’t think I’m alone in this struggle. Migrating WordPress multisite can be quite a challenge, especially if you’re migrating from a live site to a local development environment. If you’re using http://localhost as your local development environment root with individual sites placed in subfolders like I was doing, your URL structure is most likely quite a bit different than the live site you’re trying to migrate.
Some day I may write a full tutorial on how to accomplish this, but for now I just want to highlight the missing piece that I didn’t find in any other tutorials (and that I spent a few days trying to find).
I looked through all sorts of documentation and followed many different tutorials, but I kept running into the same errors:
Error establishing a database connection
The page isn't redirecting properly
I finally set up a multisite installation from scratch and compared it to the one I was troubleshooting. At last I found the discrepancy that wasn’t mentioned in any of the documentation or tutorials I had seen.
In the wp_blogs table, each row has a couple columns that are important when dealing with this issue. Please note the following columns:
On the live site, they looked something like this:
- domain: example.com
- path: /
After using search/replace on the database to prepare it for my local dev environment, they looked like this:
- domain: localhost/example
- path: /
However, nothing worked until I edited them to look like this:
- domain: localhost
- path: /example/
Keep in mind, the wp-config.php settings need to be correct as well, but none of those issues were buried as deep as these troublesome settings in the wp_blogs table.